Periodontitis is a destructive inflammatory disease of the supporting tissues of the teeth and is caused by specific microorganisms or group of specific microorganisms resulting in progressive destruction of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone often associated with periodontal pocket formation, gingival (gum) recession or both. Periodontal disease is highly prevalent affecting the majority of world’s population. Periodontal disease progresses very slowly until it causes noticeable inflammatory changes in oral health such as bleeding gums, bad breath, bleeding on brushing etc. As the disease further progresses persistent inflammation occurs eventually affecting bone structure of the jaw (like teeth roots, periodontal ligament) and consequently jeopardize the entire oral and body health of the person. Periodontal disease is best prevented as treatment becomes increasingly complex depending upon its severity.